Art Vocabulary for Enrichment
Abstract-a painting that can be interpretted in many ways and doesn't look like anything in nature.
Adjacent Colors-colors next to each other on the color wheel also known as Analogous Colors.
Architect-an artist who designs buildings.
Architecture- The art of designing buildings
Apprentice-a young artist who is learning how to be an artist from a master artist.
Artist-a person who creates art.
Art Principles- Color, Shape and Form, Space, Texture, Value, Contrast.
Background-the area of the artwork that is not the focus or main part.
Balance-when the amount of objects on one side of the page equals the other and creates harmony in the artwork.
Border- another name for frame. the edge of something.
Ceramics- The art of working with clay.
Collage - anything that is glued to create a work of art.
Color- an art principal that is about the different hues in artwork. ex: red.
Color Wheel- around wheel that shows how colors relate to each other.
Color Mixing-blending two or more colors together to create a new color.
Cool Colors-Colors that make one feel cool and sit back on the page. Blue, Indigo Green, Purple(Violet)
Corner- where 2 lines meet or intersect.
Culture-characteristics,art,ideas, and traditions a group people share. ex: American
Form-an object that has length, height, and depth. (3-D) The six forms are cylinder, cube, rectangular prism, pyramid, cone, sphere. Light affects forms.
Functional Art- Art that serves a purpose. Example: a teapot, a vase, or pitcher
Design-how one arranges the space on their page. (composition)
Frame- to put a design on the outside edge of your paper.
Gradation- Slowly changing from one shade or color to anther.
Greyscale-A gradation of value shown in distint blocks changing from white to black. Their are 12 shades of grey.
Gallery-A place where art is shown or displayed.
Guidelines- Lines that are temporary. They are their to help but disappear.
Harmony-when an artist uses the principals of art in a way that works well together on the page.
Horizon Line- (In Perspective) the place where the earth meeets the sky.
Heraldry-Coats of arms. The study of family crests or sheilds.Started in Medieval times.
Hues-differents colors created from the spectrum of light.
Illustrator-an artist who creates images that go with words. (Can be a story,article in a magazine or book) Also a program on the computer to draw and create images.
Intersect- 2 lines that cross each others paths.
Landscape-a picture or painting of nature or the land. 2. when you hold your paper wider than tall. fat man.
Line-a group of fixed points next to each other. (can be straight, wavy, zig-zag, ect...)
Linear Perspective- (1pt perspective) everything depends ons on one point called the vanishing point.
Master- an artist who is an expert at his/her craft and is no longer under the supervision of another artist.
Materials- the things we use to create art.ex; paper,pencils,markers, clay, paint.
Medieval- a time in history from the fall of Rome to the Renaissance. also called the Dark Ages.
Medium-another name for an art material. ex; paint.
Monochromatic-art that is one color
Mosaic-the art of making images with tiles. Started by the Byzantines.
Museums-A place where art is collected and can be seen.
Non-Colors-Black, White, Grey
Opposite Colors-Colors across from each other on the color wheel. There are three groups: 1. Blue and orange 2.yellow and violet 3.red and green. Opposite colors can be any color across from each other on the color wheel including tertiary colors.
Outline - to trace over your original pencil drawing with a marker, crayon, color pencil, or paint. (usually black)
Overlap- when one thing is over another and hides part of the picture.
1 Point Perspctive-Invented by Leonardo Da Vinci. It is a set of rules to make the 3-d world look real on a 2-D plane (your paper). It makes use of the vanishing point.
2 Point Perspective- Has 2 vanishing points and is another way to make thing look real on your paper.
Photographer- an artist who takes pictures like Ansel Adams.
Parallel- 2 lines that go side by side but never intersect or cross paths. Like railroad tracks.
Perpendicular- 2 lines that intersect at a 90 degree angle.
Pattern- When repeat something over and over. It can be color, line, shape, or words.
Portrait- a picture or painting of someone. 2.When your paper is held so it is taller than it is wide. tall man.
Primary Colors -these colors make all the other colors. Red, yellow, Blue.
Printmaking-the art of being able to repeat the same design over and over with the same result. ex:Stamping
Radial-a circular design that comes out from the center. ex: the sun
Rainbow order-ROY.G BIV-red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet.
Realism- the art of drawing things that look real.
Reflection- the mirror image of something. It is reverse from the origional. Usually seen in lakes.
Rotation- when you take a design or shap and flip it 90 degrees. It is the same just turned on its side. If you keep flipping it, it becomes a radial design.
Renaissance-time period of rebith and growth in the arts.Leonardo Davinci, Michealangelo, Donatello, and Rapheal are some of the great artists to live in this time.
Scale-size. How big or small something is. Using different scale in an image makes it more interesting to the viewer.
Sculpture- art in the round, or 3-D art. The artist will chisel,mold, work with clay and marble sometimes when sculpting.
Secondary Colors- colors made by mixing 2 primary colors together. there are three: green, orange, and purple.
Self-Portrait-a painting or picture of oneself.
Shading-Using your pencil to show lights and darks of an object or picture. you do this by changing pressure on your pencil. It helps to make an object look real.
Shape-a close set of lines. they have length and width but no depth. Geometric shapes can be named. ex: star, heart, triangle, or square. Organic shapes are not named and seen more in nature.
Sketch- quick drawings usually for practice or to lay things out on the page.
Style- what makes one artist different from the next, and is judged by how their artwork looks.
Space-where there is no drawing on your page.2. the idea that there is a way to create a 3-D world on your 2-D paper, also called perspective.
Supplies-paper, pencil, paint, clay, glue, scissors. what you are using to create art.
Symbols-an image that represents something else. ex: wavy lines can represent water in Native American art.
Symmetry-one half of a shape mirrors the other. If you fold it, It will match.
Tessselation-repeatition of an image that fits together like a puzzle or tile. Made popular by M.C. Escher.
Tertiary Colors-colors made from the primary and seconday colors. ex: red-orange.
Transfer-taking one image and making a copy of it.
Viewer- the person looking at your artwork
Value-the lights and darks of a picture. 2. How much a work of art is worth.
Vanishing Point-In perspective, it is an imaginary point in space wher everything merges and all lines meet.
Weaving-the art of using sting and intersecting them to create blankets or cloth.
Warm Colors-the colors that make you feel warm inside. ex: red, orange, yellow, pink, brown and peach.