• What every Kindergartener should know before 1st grade


    Book Handling Knowledge


    Holds book appropriately.

    Knows where to find the title.

    Knows what an author and an illustrator does.

    Knows a book is for reading.

    Identifies the front, back, top, and bottom of a book.

     Reads from front to back.

    Turns pages correctly.

    Knows the difference between the pictures and the words.

    Identifies the beginning and end of a book.


    Concepts of Print


    Reads enviornmental print.

    Touches each word as it is read.

    Reads from left to right and top to bottom.

    Identifies a letter, word, and a sentence.


    Text Comprehension


    Ask and answer questions about what happens in a story.

    Think and talk about what might happen next in the story.

    Retell stories.

    Give a main idea.


    Phonological Awareness


    Identifies and produces rhyming words.

    Identifies and produces words using alliteraction. (same sounds)

    Segments words in a sentence. (sounds out words)

    Segments and blends syllables in a word. (ap - ple = apple)


    Phonemic Awareness


    Segments and blends onset and rime in a word. ( /f/ - /un/ = fun)

    Segments and blends individual phonemes in a word. (/m/ - /o/ - /p/ = mop)




    Recognizes and names the letters of the alphabet, both uppercase and lowercase.

    Recognizes and produces the sound(s) for each letter in the alphabet.

    Identifies consonants and their initial and final sounds.

    Recognizes, names, and produces sounds of letters in chunks.




    Recognizes and reads high frequency words. I, we, me ect... (Please see the reading tab for a list of these words)

    Recognizes and reads color and number words.

    Recognizes and read simple phrases or sentences.




    Write first and last name using both uppercase and lowercase letters.

    Forms lower and uppercase letters.

    Segments words into beginning, middle, and end in order to write them.

    Attempt inventive spelling.

    Writes a sentence with spaces between words.

    Writes from left to right.

    Writes a complete sentence and is able to draw a picture to match the writing.

    Uses capital letters when appropriate.

    Be able to use proper punctuation at the end of a sentence.



    Children need to count to 100.

    Children must be able to identify what number comes next in a series. An example of this is: 27, 28 __, 30.

    Children need to match numbers to items. This means they understand grouping objects.

    Children need to put numbers in any order from 1 - 30.

    Children need to recognize numbers in any order from 1 - 30.

    Children need to understand the concept of less than, more than, and equal to.

    Children must be able to add single digit addition.

    Children must be able to subtract single digit addition.

    Skip count by 10s to 100.

    Children need to identify shapes and colors.

    Compare capicity, size, length, and weight.

    Recognize months of the year and days of the week.

    Match numbers of objects. For example: Match the number 3 to a picture of 3 stars.